The journal ”Istorija 20. veka” was issued for the first time in 1983, after the discontinuation of two other periodical publications of the Institute for Contemporary History – ”Istorija XX veka” (1959-1982) and ”Prilozi za istoriju socijalizma” (1964-1982). As stated in the introduction to its first volume, its launch was intended to remedy ”the absence of an Institute’s outlet for publishing contributions to contemporary history of different genres.”
First Editor-in-Chief of the journal was Nikola B. Popović, who served in this capacity until 1987. He was succeeded by Branislav Gligorijević (1988-1991), Smiljana Đurović (1992–1995), Milan Vesović (1995–1999), Đorđe Borozan (2000–2001), Kosta Nikolić (2002–2004) and Bojan B. Dimitrijević (2005–2015). Our current Editorial Board was appointed by the Scholarly Council of the Institute in mid-2015, starting its mandate from early 2016 with Dragomir Bondžić at its helm as Editor-in-Chief.
The journal is typically issuing two issues per year, with an exception of nine of its volumes printed as double issues (1984, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1999) and a brief period 2010–2012 when three issues per year were published.