Categories

Petar Dragišić, PhD
Institute for Recent History of Serbia
Belgrade, Republic of Serbia

 

WEST GERMAN MEDIA ON THE ASSASSINATION OF STJEPAN ĐUREKOVIĆ IN 1983

Vol. XLII, 1/2024, pp. 221-232
https://doi.org/10.29362/ist20veka.2024.1.dra.221-232

 

ABSTRACT/RESUME:

One of the most difficult problems faced by socialist Yugoslavia was the activities of Yugoslav émigrés in the West. After World War II, organizations of émigrés fought against the Yugoslav regime in different ways. They organized propaganda campaigns, lobbying, demonstrations, but also terrorist attacks on Yugoslav interests in Yugoslavia and abroad. Prior to his escape to the FR Germany in 1982, Stjepan Đureković was one of the directors of the Croatian oil concern INA. In the FR Germany, Đureković connected with Croatian émigrés and published books in which he fiercely criticized the Yugoslav regime. He was killed in July 1983 in Wolfratshausen, not far from Munich. Considering Đureković’s political backgroung, the Western press, especially the West German media, paid great attention to his assassination in the summer of 1983. Most of the West German media made assumptions about the involvement of the Yugoslav secret police (State Security Service/Služba državne bezbednosti) in the assassination of Đureković and many other Croatian political émigrés in West Germany, thus damaging the image that the Yugoslav regime was persistently creating for itself. The largest part of the research is based on the analysis of documents from the Diplomatic Archive of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia.

 

KEYWORDS: Stjepan Đureković, émigrés, State Security Service, murder, Federal Republic of Germany

 

REFERENCES:

  • Bošković, Milo. Šesta kolona. Nastanak, organizacija i delovanje antijugoslovenske fašističke emigracije. Zagreb–Novi Sad: Dnevnik, 1985.
  • Clarkson, Alexander. Fragmented Fatherland: Immigration and Cold War Conflict in the Federal Republic of Germany, 1945–1980. New York–Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2013.
  • Cvetković, Srđan. „Terorizam i jugoslovenska politička emigracija”. Istorija 20. veka, br. 2, (2014), 171–197. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29362/ist20veka.2014.2.cve.171-198.
  • Dragišić, Petar, „Yugoslav Catholic émigré clergy in the 1960s”. Tokovi istorije 1, (2023), 147–162. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31212/tokovi.2023.1.dra.147-162.
  • Dragišić, Petar. ,,Operation Phoenix in Yugoslavia in the Summer of 1972 and Yugoslav-Austrian Relations”. Tokovi istorije, br. 3, (2018), 87–106. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31212/tokovi.2018.3.dra.87-106.
  • Dragišić, Petar. Ko je pucao u Jugoslaviju? Jugoslovenska politička emigracija 1968–1980. Beograd: Institut za noviju istoriju Srbije, 2019.
  • Koshade, Stuart. The Internal Dynamics of Terrorist Cells: A Social Network Analysis of Terrorist Cells in an Australian Context. Brisbane: Queensland University of Technology, 2007.
  • Lazić, Radojica, „Delovanje jugoslovenske neprijateljske emigracije u Australiji 1965–1980”. Istorija 20. veka 2, (2023), 417–434. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29362/ist20veka.2023.2.laz.417-434.
  • Manolić, Josip. Špijuni i domovina. Moja borba za suverenu i socijalnu Hrvatsku. Zagreb: Golden marketing-Tehnička knjiga, 2016.
  • Mitrović Momčilo i Selinić Slobodan, ,,Jugoslovenska informbiroovska emigracija 1948–1964”, Tokovi istorije, br. 1–2, (2009), 31–54.
  • Nielsen, Christian Axboe. Yugoslavia and Political Assassinations: The History and Legacy of Tito’s Campaign Against the Emigrés. London–New York: B. Tauris, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5040/9781788316880.
  • Robionek, Bernd. Croatian Political Refugees and the Western Allies. A Documented History. Berlin: OEZ Berlin Verlag, 2010.
  • Timofeev, Aleksej Yur’evich, Dragishich, Olivera i Tasich Dimitar. Vojna posle vojny. Dvizhenie soprotivleniya na Balkanax 19451953 gg. Moskva: Veche, 2020.
  • Vukušić, Bože. Tajni rat UDBE protiv hrvatskoga iseljeništva. Zagreb: Klub hrvatskih povratnika iz iseljeništva, 2001.