Dr Andrzej Purat
Kazimierz Wielki University
Bydgoszcz, Republic of Poland
Dr Paweł Bielicki
Warsaw, Republic of Poland
AN ANALYSIS OF DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS BETWEEN YUGOSLAVIA AND THE NEAR EAST COUNTRIES IN 1955‒1970
Vol. XXXIX, 1/2021, pp. 115–134
The main purpose of our discussion is a presentation of the most important conditions and correlations describing the relations between Yugoslavia and the Near East in 1955–1970, based on available documentation on this subject matter. We also intend to analyze the important conditions that contributed to establishing diplomatic and economic relations between Yugoslavia and the individual Arab states, particularly Egypt in 1955. In the beginning, we describe the situation in Yugoslavia immediately after World War II and changes in its foreign policy, forced by the conflict between this country’s leader Josip Broz Tito and Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin. Implications resulting from it enabled J. B. Tito to achieve a rapprochement with the Western countries, which led to Yugoslavia joining the Balkan Pact and getting active support by the West for the communist authorities in Belgrade. Then we will present the reasons for the foundation of the Non- Aligned Movement and follow the development of this organization, without which the close cooperation between Yugoslavia and the authorities in Cairo would not be possible. In addition, an important matter that requires a more comprehensive approach is Yugoslavia’s position regarding the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and Belgrade’s role in the conciliation process between the warring sides. In summary, we emphasize the fact that the analyzed period was of key importance in the relations between Yugoslavia and the Near East. These relations were never so strong again.
KLJUČNE REČI: Near East, Egypt, Israel, Yugoslavia, USSR, USA
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