Categories

Danilo Šarenac, PhD
Institute for Contemporary History

Belgrade, Republic of Serbia

 

THE SERBIAN ARMY AND ITS STRUGGLE WITH THE AMMUNITION CRISIS OF 1914

Vol. XLII, 1/2024, pp. 19-44
https://doi.org/10.29362/ist20veka.2024.1.sar.19-44

 

ABSTRACT/RESUME:

The paper covers the essential problem of the Serbian artillery in the Autumn of 1914. The Europe wide ammunition crisis encompassed the Serbian army as well. The focus of analysis has been placed on the different strategies the Serbian state used to find artillery ammunition and additional weapons. The article has been written based on the documents from the Serbian Military Archive as well as personal papers and recollections of the several Serbian senior commanders. However, these insights were supplemented with the documentation that once belonged to the French military attaché in Serbia, Colonel Pierre Victor Fournier. The ammunition crisis of the Serbian army has been treated as part of the global ’ammunition famine’ and the topic of artillery projectiles has been used to better contextualize Serbia’s war efforts within the wider developments in the Great War. Special attention has been dedicated to the collaboration with France and its shipment of the ’wrong ammunition’ in November 1914. It has been shown that this ammunition shipment was not sent in order to provoke any inconvenience for the Serbian army, but was the desperate measure made by the overstretched French Ministry of War. Ultimately, the Serbian army managed to survive the crisis by combining several types of resources. This included the abundant assistance from the Entente, mainly France and Russia. Moreover, a significant role played by Greece has been underlined. Finally, Serbia’s industrial capacities were essential in producing ammunition and in adapting all types of war equipment and ammunition.

 

KEYWORDS: artillery, Serbia, First World War, war logistics

 

REFERENCES:

  • Aleksić-Pejković, Ljiljana. Odnosi Srbije sa Francuskom i Engleskom 1903–1914. Beograd: Istorijski institut, 1965.
  • Aleksić-Pejković, Ljiljana. Rad srpske vlade na zajmu 1904–1906. godine. Beograd: Institut društvenih nauka, 1962.
  • Anonimno. Povodom našeg topovskog pitanja. Beograd: Dositej Obradović, 1906.
  • Barbi, Anri. Bregalnica: Srpsko-bugarski rat 1913. Niš: Talija izdavaštvo, 2022.
  • Ćosić, Dobrica. Vreme smrti. Beograd: Prosveta, 1976.
  • Denda, Dalibor. Šlem i šajkača: Vojni faktor i jugoslovensko-nemački odnosi (1918–1941). Novi Sad: Matica srpska, 2019.
  • Gligorijević, Branislav. Kralj Aleksandar Karađorđević, I. Beograd: BIGZ, 1996.
  • Gudmundsson, Bruce. „The French artillery in the First World War“. In: King of battle: Artillery in World War I. Editor Sanders Marble, 62–100. Boston: Brill, 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004307285_004
  • Hasiotis, Lukijanos. Srpsko-grčki odnosi 1913–1918: Savezničke prednosti i politička rivalstva. Novi Sad–Beograd: Prometej–Radio televizija Srbije, 2017.
  • Haskew, Michael E. Artillery from World War I to the Present Day: Compared and Contrasted. London: Amber Books, 2010.
  • Herwig, Holger H. „Conclusions“. In: War planning 1914. Editors Richard F. Hamilton and Holger H. Herwig, 226–256. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511642371.008
  • Ilić, Blagoje. Jugoslavija po volji naroda 1914–1918. Novi Sad: Dnevnik, 1988.
  • Ivković, Stojan. Ratni dnevnik 1915–1918. Priredio Aleksandar S. Ivković. Beograd: A. S. Ivković, 1998.
  • Kaclerović, Triša. Militarizam u Srbiji. Afere i skandali u vojsci. Beograd: Narodni univerzitet, 1952.
  • Karađorđević, Petar I. Ratni dnevnik 1915–1916. Priredio Dragoljub Živojinović. Topola: Zadužbina kralja Petra I, 2003.
  • Lukić. Đorđe. Bitka na Drini. Beograd: Vojnoizdavački zavod, 1966.
  • Lyon, James. Serbia and the Balkan Front, 1914: The Outbreak of the Great War. New York: Bloomsbury, 2015.
  • Lyon, James. „Serbia’s artillery during the First World War“. In: King of battle: Artillery in World War I. Editor Sanders Marble, 221–254. Boston: Brill, 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004307285_010
  • Mihajlović Mihiz, Borislav. Kolubarska bitka: strategijska drama u dva dela prema romanu Vreme smrti. Beograd: Jugoslovensko dramsko pozorište, 1985.
  • Mitrović, Andrej. Srbija u Prvom svetskom ratu. Beograd: Službeni glasnik, 2018.
  • Ortner, Christian M. The Austro-Hungarian Artillery from 1867–1918: Technology, Organization and Tactics. Vienna: Heeresgeschichtilcches Museum–Verlag Militaria, 2007.
  • Pavlov, Andrey. „Russian Artillery“. In: King of battle: Artillery in World War I. Editor Sanders Marble, 255–280. Boston: Brill, 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004307285_011
  • Pavlović, Stevan K. Istorija Balkana 1804–1945. Beograd: Clio, 2004.
  • Pavlović, Živko G. Bitka na Jadru 1914. godine. Beograd–Loznica: Radunić–Biblioteka Vukovog zavičaja, 2014).
  • Pavlović, Živko G. Kolubarska bitka, I. Šabac-Lazarevac: Glas crkve-Biblioteka Dimitrije Tucović, 2014.
  • Pešić, Petar. Solunski front: Vojno-politička akcija. Beograd: Knjižara S. B. Cvijanovića, 1921.
  • Popović, Nikola. Srbija i Carska Rusija. Beograd: Službeni list SRJ, 1994.
  • Prodanović, Mileta M. Ratni dnevnik 1914–1918. Gornji Milanovac: Dečje novine–Skupština opštine Gornji Milanovac, 1994.
  • Spasić, Krunoslav J. „Boravak srpskih trupa u Albaniji i njihov transport za Krf (decembar 1915–januar 1916)“. Vojnoistorijski glasnik, br. 1, (1988), 361–395.
  • Stamenković, Miomir Miki. Tamo daleko: Jugoslavija po volji naroda. Video DVD. Beograd: Ferpress, 2007.
  • Stanković, Branislav. „Municija kalibra 75 mm za brzometne topove sistema Šnajder-Krezo M-1907 i M-1907A u naoružanju srpske vojske 1907–1916“. Museum, br. 3, (2002), 129–146.
  • Stefanović, Dušan P. Dnevnik iz 1914. Priredio Aleksandar Životić. Beograd: Medija centar Odbrana, 2017.
  • Stojić, Biljana. „Francuska i stvaranje Albanske države (1912–1914)“. U: Prvi balkanski rat 1912–1913: Istorijski procesi i problemi u svetlosti stogodišnjeg iskustva. Urednik Mihailo Vojvodić, 187–201. Beograd: SANU, 2015.
  • Šarenac, Danilo. Top, vojnik, sećanje. Beograd: Institut za savremenu istoriju, 2014.
  • Šarenac, Danilo. „Ruska vojna pomoć Srbiji 1914–1915“. U: Prvi svetski rat i Balkanski čvor. Urednici Ivana Pantelić, Jasmina Milanović, Miomir Gatalović, 359–376. Beograd: Institut za savremenu istoriju, 2014.
  • Timofejev, Aleksej i Darko Kremić. Ruska vojna pomoć Srbiji za vreme Prvog svetskog rata. Beograd: Institut za noviju istoriju Srbije, 2014.
  • Tucović, Stevan. Ratni dnevnik pukovnika Tucovića. Užice–Čajetina: Istorijski arhiv Užica–Biblioteka Ljubiša R. Đenić, 2017.
  • Veliki rat Srbije za oslobođenje i ujedinjenje, I. Beograd: Ministarstvo vojske i mornarice, 1924.
  • Zaloga, Steven J. The French 75: The 75 mm M1897 field gun that revolutionized modern artillery. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2020.
  • Živković, Mihailo. Odbrana Beograda (1914–1915). Priređivač Nikola Čubura. Beograd: Fineks, 1998.
  • Žofr, Žozef. Ratni memoari. Beograd: Vojno delo, 1956.