Michael Antolović, PhD
University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Education
Sombor, Republic of Serbia


Biljana Šimunović-Bešlin, PhD
University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Philosophy
Novi Sad, Republic of Serbia



Vol. XXXVII, 1/2019, pp. 9–36



Since the 20th century, the way in which history is studied has significantly changed. The same could be said for the ways in which history is “presented” and “consumed”, both within the academic community and by the wider audience. The changes were induced primarily by innovations in the field of information and communication technologies (IT). The transition from the “Gutenberg galaxy” into the world of digital (multi) media had made historical content widely available to the general public, and had increased, to an unprecedented extent, its presence in the public discourse around the world. In addition to the press, radio and television, which are by now considered to be traditional media sources, new digital media have emerged at the end of the 20th century. The incredible fast expansion of the World Wide Web and its improved version (Web 2.0) have further altered the circumstances in which “history” is created, especially if one takes into account the appearance of new media services on the Internet, such as Youtube, Facebook, Twitter and others. The development of IT has made the question of the “public nature” of history especially significant and has led to the revitalization of the movement that emerged in the 1970s in academic circles in the United States with the aim to call attention to the relationship betweeen history and the general public – history “in the public” and history “for the public”. A new discipline was constituted within the framework of historical scholarship – public history. Translated literally into the Serbian language, public history is – javna istorija, but the designation for public history in Serbian could also be – primenjena istorija (applied history). The terms applied history and angewandte Geschichte are used in English and German respectively, but not necessarily as synonymous. In the same way as the history didactics includes the research of teaching history, public history encompasses the study of the various ways in which history is (and could be) presented (and used) outside classrooms, and outside of academic “ivory towers” – in “real life”. Hybrid in its character, since it synthesizes the methodology of several humanities (history, archeology, philology) and social sciences (sociology, anthropology, political science, communicology), and shapes the public discourse on history through traditional and new media, public history seems to be a historical discipline compatible with the modern “information societies”. Simultaneously, public history is a highly pluralistic discipline, since it includes all historical eras, as well as different theories, methods and topics in academic research. Finally, public history could be perceived as a form of democratization of historiographical practice – through its openness to personal experiences (the history of the “ordinary man”) it allows social groups that have previously been neglected by historians to come to the forefront. It also makes available the results of historical research to the broader audience, including the members of aformentioned social groups. It seems that one of the most important aims of public history at the beginning of the 21st century is to outline standards for the new kind of experts among professional historians, ones who are qualified for inovative and creative projects, both in a real and virtual environment – competent consultants, managers, administrators and executives in the field of collecting, preserving, protecting, presenting and promoting historical contents and cultural and historical heritage in cultural institutions and agencies (museums, archives, libraries, galleries), in the mass media (television, Internet), in state and local governments, as well as in tourism. The paper addresses the formation and development of public history, its general theoretical and methodological features, its scope, as well as its potential challenges and prospects. The aim of the paper is to incentivize academic historians in Serbia to consider public (and / or applied) history and further discuss this phenomenon.


KEYWORDS: Historical methodology, historical scholarship, public history, applied history, popular history, digital history



  • Akker, Chiel van den. „History as Dialogue. On Online Narrativity“, BMGN – Low Countries Historical Review, 128, no. 4 (2013), 103117. (accessed 16. 8. 2018).
  • Anderson, Steve. „History TV and Popular Memory“. In: Television Histories. Shaping Collective Memory in the Media Age. Edited by Gary R. Edgerton and Peter C. Rollins, 19 University Press of Kentucky, 2001. (accessed 29. 9. 2018).
  • Anthony, Andrew. „Civilisations: Three presenters, 10 parts, one epic history of the world’s culture“. The Guardian. International Edition, Sun 27 Dec 2015 00.11 GMT. Last modified on Tue 19 Dec 2017 21.10 GMT. (accessed 17. 9. 2018).
  • Antolović, Mihael. „Ka društvu (ne)znanja. O praktičnim implikacijama neoliberalne reforme visokog obrazovanja“. U: Izazovi vaspitanja i obrazovanja u 21. veku. Urednik Nataša Branković, 11–23. Sombor: Pedagoški fakultet, 2017.
  • Asman, Jan. Kultura pamćenja. Pismo, sećanje i politički identitet u ranim visokim kulturama. Beograd: Prosveta, 2011.
  • Bell, Daniel. The Coming of Post-Industrial Society. A Venture in Social Forecasting. London: Heinemann, 1974.
  • Bentrovato, Denise, Karina V. Korostelina and Martina Schulze (eds.). History Can Bite. History Education in Divided and Postwar Societies. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2016.
  • Berger, Stefan (ed.). Writing the Nation. A Global Perspective. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
  • Berger Stefan, Chris Lorenz and Billie Melman. Popularizing National Pasts. 1800 to Present. New York: Routledge, 2012.
  • Blatt, Martin. „Public History“. In: Encyclopedia of Social History. Edited by Peter N. Stearns, 780–782. New York, London: Garland Publishing, 1994.
  • Bösch Frank, und Constantin Goschler. „Der Nationalsozialismus und die deutsche Public History“. In: Public History. Öffentliche Darstellungen des Nationalsozialismus jenseits der Geschichtswissenschaft. Herausgegeben von Frank Bösch und Constantin Goschler, 1–23. Frankfurt am Main: Campus, 2009.
  • Bouvier Beatrix, und Michael Schneider. „Geschichtspolitik und demokratische Kultur: Einleitende Überlegungen“. In: Geschichtspolitik und demokratische Kultur. Bilanz und Perspektiven. Herausgegeben von Beatrix Bouvier und Michael Schneider, 7–12. Bonn: Dietz, 2008.
  • Brigs Asa, i Piter Berk. Društvena istorija medija. Od Gutenberga do Interneta. Beograd: Clio, 2006.
  • Burk, Kathleen. Troublemaker: The Life and History of A. J. P. Taylor. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2000.
  • Cauvin, Thomas. Public History. A Textbook of Practice. New York: Routledge, 2016.
  • Cauvin, Thomas. „The Rise of Public History: An International Perspective“. Historia Crítica, XXX, no. 68, (2018), 3–26.
  • Censer Jack, and Lynn Hunt. ”Imaging the French Revolution: Depictions of the French Revolutionary Crowd”. The American Historical Review, vol. 110, no. 1, (2005), 38–45.
  • Clive, John Leonard. The Shaping of the Historian. New York: Knopf, 1974.
  • Cohen Daniel J., and Roy Rosenzweig. Digital History: A Guide to Gathering, Preserving, and Presenting the Past on the Web, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006. (accessed 16. 8. 2018).
  • Cole, Charles C. „Public History: What Difference Has It Made?“. The Public Historian, vol. 16, no. 4, (1994), 9–35.
  • Curthoys Ann, and Paula Hamilton. „What Makes History Public?“. Public History Review, vol. 1, (1992), 8–13.
  • Danniau, Fien. „Public History in a Digital Context Back to the Future or Back to Basics?“. BMGN – Low Countries Historical Review, vol. 128, no. 4 (2013), 118–144. (accessed 16. 8. 2018).
  • Demantowsky, Marko (ed.). Public History and School. International Perspectives. Berlin: De Gruyter, Oldenbourg, 2017.
  • Edwards, Owen Dudley. Macaulay. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1988.
  • Ferro, Marc. The Use and Abuse of History or How the Past is Taught. London: Routledge, 1984.
  • Foot, Michael. „Mean-speareted view of A.J.P.“. The Observer, Feb 6, 1994, 20.
  • Foster, Meg. „Online and Plugged In? Public History and Historians in the Digital Age“. Public History Review, 21, (2014), 1–19. (accessed 16. 9. 2018).
  • Fostikov Aleksandra, i Neven Isailović. „Digital Humanities or Digital versus Humanities“. Review of the National Center for Digitalization, vol. 24, (2014), 19–23.
  • Gardner James B., and Paula Hamilton (Eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Public History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2017.
  • Grütter, Heinrich Theodor. „Warum fasziniert die Vergangenheit? Perspektiven einer neuen Geschichtskultur“. In: Historische Faszination. Geschichtskultur heute. Herasugegeben von Klaus Füßmann, Heinrich Theodor Grütter und Jörn Rüsen, 45–57. Köln: Böhlau Verlag, 1994.
  • Groot, Jerome de. Consuming History. Historians and Heritage in Contemporary Popular Culture. New York: Routledge, 2009.
  • Gundermann, Christine. „Öffentliche Geschichte – Public History an der Universität zu Köln“. Geschichte in Köln. Zeitschrift für Stadt- und Regionalgeschichte, vol. 63, no. 1, (2016), 259–269.
  • Hadalin, Jurij. „The Slovenian Digital Humanities Landscape – A Brief Overview“. In: H-Soz-Kult, 11.11.2014. (accessed 17. 8. 2018).
  • Hardtwig Wolfgang, und Erhard Schütz (Hrsg.). Geschichte für Leser. Populäre Geschichtsschreibung in Deutschland im 20. Jahrhundert. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2005.
  • Hardtwig Wolfgang, und Alexander Schug (Hrsg.). History Sells! Angewandte Geschichte als Wissenschaft und Markt. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2009.
  • Hardtwig, Wolfgang. „Kommentar: Verlust der Geschichte – oder wie unterhaltsam ist die Vergangenheit?“. In: Docupedia-Zeitgeschichte, 17.06.2011. DOI: (accessed 16. 8. 2018).
  • Hartog, François. Regimes of Historicity. Presentism and Experiences of Time. New York: Columbia University Press, 2015.
  • Higgins, Charlotte. „The Cult of Mary Beard“. The Guardian. Tue 30 Jan 2018. (accessed 18. 9. 2018).
  • Hirschman, Elizabeth C. Heroes, Monsters, and Messiahs. Movies and Television Shows as the Mythology of American Culture. Kansas City: Andrews McMeel Publishing, 2000.
  • Igers, Georg G. Istorijska nauka u 20. veku. Kritički pregled u međunarodnom kontekstu. Beograd: Arhipelag, 2014.
  • Jensen, Bernard Eric. „Usable Pasts: Comparing Approaches to Popular and Public History“. In: People and their Pasts. Public History Today. Edited by Paul Ashton and Hilda Kean, 42–56. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.
  • Johnson, G. Wesley. „Editor’s Preface“. The Public Historian, vol. 1, no. 1, (1978), 4–10.
  • Johnson, G. Wesley. „An American Impression of Public History in Europe“. The Public Historian, vol. 6, no. 4, (1984), 86–97.
  • Johnson, G. Wesley. „The Origins of ‘The Public Historian’, and the National Council on Public History“. The Public Historian, vol. 21, no. 3, (1999), 167–179.
  • Johnson Valerie, and David Thomas. „Digital Information: ‘Let a Hundred Flowers Bloom …’ Is Digital a Cultural Revolution?“. In: The SAGE Handbook of Historical Theory. Edited by Nancy Partner and Sarah Foot, 458–473. London: SAGE, 2013.
  • Jordanova, Ludmilla. History in Practice. London: Hodder Arnold, 2000.
  • Kean, Hilda. „People, Historians, and Public History: Demystifying the Process of History Making“. The Public Historian, vol. 32, no. 3, (2010), 25–38.
  • Kean Hilda, and Paul Ashton. „Introduction: People and their Pasts and Public History Today“. In: People and their Pasts. Public History Today. Edited by Paul Ashton and Hilda Kean, 1–10. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.
  • Kean Hilda, and Paul Martin (Eds.). The Public History Reader. New York: Routledge, 2013.
  • Kelley, Robert. „Public History: Its Origins, Nature, and Prospects“. The Public Historian, vol. 1, no. 1, (1978), 16–28.
  • Knoch, Habbo. „Wem gehört die Geschichte? Aufgaben der »Public History« als wissenschaftlicher Disziplin“. In: Geschichtsdidaktik in der Diskussion. Grundlagen und Perspektiven. Herausgegeben von Wolfgang Hasberg und Holger Thünemann, 303–346. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang 2016.
  • Kohlstruck, Michael. „Erinnerungspolitik: Kollektive Identitat, Neue Ordnung, Diskurshegemonie“. In: Politikwissenschaft als KuIturwissenschaft. Theorien, Methoden, Problemstellungen. Herausgegeben von Birgit Schwelling, 173–193. Wiesbaden: Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2004.
  • Korte Barbara, and Sylvia Paletschek. „Historical Edutainment: New Forms and Practices of Popular History?“. In: Palgrave Handbook of Research in Historical Culture and Education. Edited by Mario Carretero, Stefan Berger and Maria Grever, 191–205. London: Macmillan, 2017.
  • Langewiesche, Dieter. Geschichtsdenken heute. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2007.
  • Lečner Frenk Dž., i Džon Boli. Kultura sveta: začeci i ishodi. Beograd: Clio, 2006.
  • Logge, Thorsten. „Public History in Germany: Challenges and Opportunities“. German Studies Review, vol. 39, no. 1, (2016), 141–153.
  • Lücke Martin, und Irmgard Zündorf. Einführung in die Public History. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2018.
  • Lyon Cherstin M., Elizabeth M. Nix, and Rebecca K. Shrum (Eds.). Introduction to Public History. Interpreting the Past, Engaging Audiences. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2017.
  • Mandić, Slobodan. Kompjuterizacija i istoriografija 1995–2005, Beograd: Istorijski arhiv Beograda, 2008. (accessed 15. 8. 2018).
  • McCrum, Robert. „Battles of Britain“. The Guardian. International Edition. 1 Oct 2000. (accessed 17. 9. 2018).
  • Metzler, Gabriele. Einführung in das Studium der Zeitgeschichte. Paderborn: Schöningh, 2004.
  • Nießer Jacqueline, und Juliane Tomann. „Einleitung“. In: Angewandte Geschichte. Neue Perspektiven auf Geschichte in der Öffentlichkeit. Herasugegeben von Jacqueline Nießer und Juliane Tomann, 7–14. Paderborn: Schöningh, 2014.
  • Nora, Pierre. „Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Mémoire“. Representations, no. 26, (1989), 7–24.
  • Noiret, Serge. „First French Master in Public History-Histoire Publique (Université de Paris Est, Créteil – 20152016)“. The International Federation for Public History (2015). (accessed 15. 7. 2018).
  • Pešikan Avramović, Ana. Treba li deci istorija. Psihološki problem nastave istorije u osnovnoj školi. Beograd: Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva, 1996.
  • Porciani Ilaria, and Jo Tollebeek. „Historians and the Web“. In: Setting the Standards. Institutions, Networks and Communities of National Historiography. Edited by Ilaria Porciani, Jo Tollebeek, 415–422. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.
  • Raphael, Lutz. „Der Beruf des Historikers seit 1945“. In: Eine Einführung. Herausgegeben von Christoph Cornelißen, 39–52. Frankfurt am Main: Fischer, 2009.
  • Rauthe, Simone. „Geschichtsdidaktik – ein Auslaufmodell? Neue Impulse der amerikanischen Public History“. Zeithistorische Forschungen, vol. 2, (2005), 287–291.
  • Rosenzweig, Roy and David Thelen. The Presence of the Past: Popular Uses of History in American Life. New York: Columbia University Press, 1998.
  • Rousso, Henry. „Applied History, or the Historian as Miracle-Worker“. The Public Historian, vol. 6, no. 4, (1984), 65–85.
  • Rüsen, Jörn. „Was ist Geschichtskultur? Überlegungen zu einer neuen Art, über Geschichte nachzudenken“. In: Historische Faszination. Geschichtskultur heute. Herausgegeben von Klaus Füßmann, Heinrich Theodor Grütter, Jörn Rüsen, 3–26. Wien: Böhlau, 1994.
  • Rüsen, Jörn. Theorie der Geschichtswissenschaft. Wien: Böhlau, 2013.
  • Salvatori, Enrica. „The Digital Public Historian“. 04/05/2015. (accessed 17. 8. 2018).
  • Samida, Stefanie. „Kommentar: Public History als Historische Kulturwissenschaft: Ein Plädoyer“. In: Docupedia-Zeitgeschichte, 17. 6. 2014. (accessed 10. 2018).
  • Samuel, Raphael. „On the Methods of History Workshop: A Reply“. History Workshop Journal, vol. 9, no. 1, (1980), 162–176.
  • Sayer, Faye. Public History. A Practical Guide. London: Bloomsbury, 2015.
  • Schmale, Wolfgang. Digitale Geschichtswissenschaft. Wien-Köln-Weimar: Böhlau Verlag, 2010.
  • Schreibman Susan, Ray Siemens and John Unsworth (Eds.). A Companion to Digital Humanities. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004.
  • Seefeldt Douglas, and William G. Thomas. „What Is Digital History?“. Perspectives on History. Special Issue: Viewing History at the Intersection of Past and Future. May 1, 2009. (accessed 9. 2018).
  • Sills-Jones, Dafydd. „Before the history boom. Revisiting UK television history documentary production“. Critical Studies in Television. The International Journal of Television Studies, 11, no. 1, (2016). 78–95. (accessed 30. 9. 2018).
  • Stourton, James. Kenneth Clark: Life, Art and Civilisation. London: Collins, 2016.
  • Šimunović Biljana, i Zoltan Đere. „Istorija na internetu“. Nastava istorije, 7, (1998), 235–243.
  • Tomann, Juliane. Geschichtskultur im Strukturwandel. Öffentliche Geschichte in Katowice nach 1989. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter, Oldenbourg, 2017.
  • Wrigley, Chris J. J. P. Taylor: Radical Historian of Europe. London: I. B. Tauris, 2006.
  • Zündorf, Irmgard. „Public History und Angewandte Geschichte – konkurrenten oder Komplizen?“. In: Angewandte Geschichte. Neue Perspektiven auf Geschichte in der Öffentlichkeit. Herausgegeben von Jacqueline Nießer und Juliane Tomann, 63–77. Paderborn: Schöningh, 2014.
  • Zündorf, Irmgard. „Contemporary History and Public History“, Version: 2.0. In: Docupedia-Zeitgeschichte, 16.03.2017 DOI: (accessed 17. 7. 2018).