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Tatjana Milošević, PhD
Strategic Research Institute
Belgrade, Republic of Serbia

 

YUGOSLAVIA AND UNITED STATES OF AMERICA IN THE ERA OF DETANTE: MEETINGS BETWEEN JOSIP BROZ TITO AND HENRY KISSINGER 1970-1974

Vol. XXXVI, 2/2018, pp. 187–202
https://doi.org/10.29362/ist20veka.2018.2.mil.187-202

 

ABSTRACT/RESUME:

Cooperation between Yugoslavia and USA was continued even after the election of new American president and administration during 1969. In the era of detante Americans created a low-profile policy. Bilateral cooperation between Yugoslavia and the USA has significantly increased as compared to the previous period. US presence in Yugoslavia increased in the area of economy, culture, military development and on the political level. Kissinger’s visit to Yugoslavia had a large impact especially on the Yugoslav-US political relations and had confirmed the values and importance of the principles of the Washington Declaration. During 1974 US foreign policy has accepted and approved Yugoslav position in the Non-alignement movement. The development of good relations between the two countries was one of the main components of Yugoslav foreign policy through that period. The final American aim was to preserve Yugoslav indepedence, stability and unity in relation to the USSR. Both sides had reached the consensus that the peace and stability in the world was impossible to achieve without progress in solving economic issues. Kissinger’s visit marked the end of the phase of „freezing“ political relations due to US pressure on Yugoslavia.

 

KEYWORDS: Yugoslavia, USA, Josip Broz Tito, Henry Kissinger, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Non-aligned countries, Middle East and Cyprus Crisis

 

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