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Dr Blaž Torkar
Military School Center of the Slovenian Army/Military Museum
Maribor, Slovenia

 

Dr Bojan B. Dimitrijević
Institute for Contemporary History
Belgrade, Serbia

 

THE CLASH BETWEEN THE YUGOSLAV PEOPLE’S ARMY AND SLOVENIAN TERRITORIAL DEFENCE IN NORTHERN PRIMORSKA REGION 1991

Vol. XXXVI, 1/2018, pp. 179–198
https://doi.org/10.29362/ist20veka.2018.1.tor.179-198

 

ABSTRACT/RESUME: The article provides a detailed description of armed conflict in the Primorska region during War in Yugoslavia or Slovenian Independence War, from June 26 to July 7, 1991. The Slovenian TO was commanded by the Republic Slovenia Territorial Defence Headquarters and it was consisted of seven regional Headquarters. One of them was the 6th Regional Staff of Territorial Defence of the Northern Primorska. On the other side, most of the JNA forces in the area of Northern Primorska during 1991 were controlled by the 228th Motorised brigade and two border Battalions in Sežana and Nova Gorica. The movement of the JNA units upon the orders of the Federal Yugoslav Government with the intention to seize the international border crossings with Italy, and halt the process of the Slovenian independence, started from the barracks in Pivka to the Vipava Valley on „the day before“, the 26th June 1991. On the following day the JNA units occupied main international border crossings around Nova Gorica. The attack of Slovenian TO units and defeat in Rožna Dolina border crossing on the 28th June was a turning point in the clash in the Primorska. Following this incident another armoured unit at the Vrtojba border crossing surrendered on the following day. That development led to collapse of the eventual JNA further movements and operations. The most important aspect of the conflict in Northern Primorska region during Slovenian Independence War was its negotiated resolution between JNA and Slovenian political and defence structures, mostly without using arms. Some of the guardhouses surrendered to Slovenian forces, and in the afternoon of the 2nd July the ceasefire was arranged. In following days the international arbitration help the process of the negotiations between the Federal Yugoslav and Slovenian authorities, which resulted in decision that JNA forces should withdraw from Slovenia in period between August and October 1991.

 

KEYWORDS: Yugoslavia, Slovenia, Primorska, Yugoslav People՚s Army, Territorial Defense, War

 

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