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MA Aleksandar Rakonjac
Institute for Recent History of Serbia
Belgrade, Republic of Serbia

 

RECONSTRUCTION OF YUGOSLAV INDUSTRY 1944-1947.
IDEAS, PLANS, PRACTICE

Vol. XXXVI, 2/2018, pp. 87–100
https://doi.org/10.29362/ist20veka.2018.2.rak.87-100

 

ABSTRACT/RESUME:

Article explores the dynamic time of economic reconstruction of Yugoslavia after World War II. The main part is devoted to the reconstruction of industry, which in economic conception of Yugoslav Communists occupied a key position. In rebuilding of industrial capacities, the state has approached in two phases, according to the methods of state intervention characterized as “unplanned” and “planned” stage. During 1945, political circumstances and little experience in managing the economy, conditioned a voluntaristic approach to the reconstruction of destroyed industrial plants. The beginning of 1946 was a turning point, because the state adopted a one-year plan of reconstruction of the country, which precisely defined what and how should be restored, and the organization is therefore raised to a much higher level than in 1945. Overall conditions were permanently repaired during 1946, which resulted in great achievements in the field of reconstruction, and by April 1947 the reconstruction of the Yugoslav industry was finalized.

 

KEYWORDS: Yugoslavia, industry, reconstruction, planning, Communist Party of Yugoslavia

 

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